Glossary of Terms
Radioactive waste means an item which is a radioactive substance or an article or equipment containing or contaminated by a radioactive substance, for which no further use is foreseen and which does not satisfy the conditions laid down in act No. 263/2016 Coll. for the clearance of radioactive substances from a workplace.
Radioactive waste management means its
- storage, and
Collection and sorting of radioactive waste
- Radioactive waste or mixtures thereof with other substances shall be collected at the place of their origin, in particular, in relation to the methods of processing and treatment used, and, so far as reasonably practicable sorted as well.
- Radioactive waste or mixtures thereof with other substances shall be sorted according to the methods of processing and treatment used. Radioactive waste shall be sorted by its physical and chemical properties.
Radioactive waste processing means that the maximum quantity of usable substances is separated and returned for reuse so that the quantity of resulting waste and radioactive waste is minimised.
Radioactive waste shall be treated by changing its physical or chemical properties, or by enclosure in a container; this shall be carried out in such a way as to ensure safe transport, storage and disposal thereof. Radioactive waste treatment usually includes radioactive waste solidification and filling in packages.
Radioactive waste storage means a temporary emplacement of radioactive waste for a period restricted in advance into areas, facilities or installations designed for this purpose with the intention of its further retrieval.
Radioactive waste disposal means a permanent emplacement of radioactive waste in areas, facilities or installations without the intention of its further retrieval.